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It requires examining at least 3,000 years of ancient human history using documents in vast quantities and variety written in at least ten near Eastern languages.
As archaeological discovery relies upon researchers and scholars from diverse disciplines, the goal is to interpret all of the factual data, focusing on the most consistent theory.
Some consider that these Canaanite sedentary Israelites melded with incoming nomadic groups known as 'Hebrews'.
the experience of diaspora life, from the Ancient Egyptian rule over the Levant, to Assyrian Captivity and Exile, to Babylonian Captivity and Exile, to Seleucid Imperial rule, to the Roman occupation and Exile, and the historical relations between Jews and their homeland thereafter, became a major feature of Jewish history, identity and memory.
Since the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 CE, most Jews have lived in diaspora.
Genetic studies on Jews show that most Jews worldwide bear a common genetic heritage which originates in the Middle East, and that they bear their strongest genetic resemblance to the peoples of the Fertile Crescent.
In 587 BCE Nebuchadnezzar II, King of the Neo-Babylonian Empire, besieged Jerusalem, destroyed the First Temple, and deported the most prominent citizens of Judah.
a book in the Ketuvim, the third section of the Jewish Tanakh.as Judaism is the traditional faith of the Jewish people, while its observance varies from strict observance to complete nonobservance.Jews originated as an ethnic and religious group in the Middle East during the second millennium BCE, consolidated their hold with the emergence of the Kingdom of Israel and the Kingdom of Judah.Israel is the only country where Jews form a majority of the population.The modern State of Israel was established as a Jewish state and defines itself as such in its Declaration of Independence and Basic Laws.
According to the Hebrew Bible, the name of both the tribe and kingdom derive from Judah, the fourth son of Jacob., Yidn (pl.).